Health is the most a precious treasure
Cerebral palsy is a group of disorders that affect movement and muscle tone or posture. It's caused by damage that occurs to the immature brain as it develops, most often before birth. Signs and symptoms appear during infancy or preschool years. That’s called “Cerebral Palsy”
Clubfoot (CTEV : congenital talipus equino varus) is the most common congenital deformity. As the name suggests, the foot is turned-in from leg & acquires a shape of the club of the golf stick. Exact reason why it happens, is unknown. Though some scientist have found specific genetic changes associated with this deformity.
Hip joint is a ball & socket type joint. Sometimes the hip joints of an infant do not develop properly during early stages of foetal development. It results in to the unstable hip since birth. A careful examination can detect it early and can be treated early with good results. If left untreated can results in serious joint problem with gait abnormality.
Scoliosis is a three dimensional deformity of spine in which spine get deform and bend on either side of body. Early diagnosis of scoliosis can give better chances of correction as spine becomes more rigid with increasing age. Treatment can be started in very early age group so that angle of scoliosis can either reverse or stable with increasing age.
Congenital limb deficiencies have many causes and often occur as a component of various congenital syndromes. Teratogenic agents (eg, thalidomide, vitamin A) are known causes of hypoplastic/absent limbs. The most common cause of congenital limb amputations are soft-tissue and/or vascular disruption defects, such as amniotic band-related limb deficiency, in which loose strands of amnion entangle or fuse with fetal tissue.
Angular deformities in children who have substantial remaining growth, are treated by principle of growth modulation. We place a device along one side of growth plate & the other side keeps of growing. This eventually corrects the deformity over few months or a year. This unique procedure avoids major bone cutting. Most of the children do not miss school days & are mobile after a few days, unlike conventional bony osteotomies.
It is normal for children to sustain injuries while indulging in physical activities and sports. Each time a fracture occurs, the child’s bone is broken either partially or completely. Boys are more likely to sustain fractures than girls. Child bone is differ from adult in terms of growth and they behave differently. Pain, swelling, crepitation, tenderness, deformity commonly seen after fracture. Redness, bruising may present over the skin. Clinical examination along with X-ray of involved part gives us accurate diagnosis.
Flat foot (also called pes planus or fallen arches) is a postural deformity in which the gap between foot and the floor collapse, with the entire sole of the foot coming into complete or near-complete contact with the ground. Flat foot may involve either one or both the feet of a child. Children with flat foot have abnormal shoe wear and tear. However, the symptoms of flat foot differ from one individual to another. Some children with flat foot do not show any symptoms, whereas others experience pain.
Bone tumors can affect any bone in the body and develop in any part of the bone—from the surface to the center of the bone, called the bone marrow. A growing bone tumor—even a benign tumor—destroys healthy tissue and weakens bone, making it more vulnerable to fracture. When a bone tumor is cancerous, it is either a primary bone cancer or a secondary bone cancer. A primary bone cancer actually begins in bone—while a secondary bone cancer begins somewhere else in the body and then metastasizes or spreads to bone. Secondary bone cancer is also called metastatic bone disease.
It is a rare congenital disease in which child born with underdeveloped or missing radius bond in arms since birth. Because of this wrist joint become unstable and twisted inwards. The severity of radial club hand depends on how much radius bone is missing ranges from complete absent to mild shortening. Sometimes absent radius associated with absent thumb on same side. This condition can affect a single or both hands of a child. Based on severity, radial club hand can be classified into four levels – types I, II, III, and IV. Timely treatment without delay gives acceptable results.
It’s a one of the most common concern of parents and results in their anxiety. Normally, each child’s legs appear bowed inside till he is two years old known as Physiological Genu Varum. On the contrary child’s knees appear knocked till he is six years of age. But during this growth period due to calcium and vitamin deficiency it results in Rickets (Pathological bowing of legs). If the child’s legs remain bowed after two years of age, the parents must start treatment for bowlegs or Genu Varum. The parents also need to start treatment for knock-knees or Genu Valgum if the child’s legs remained knocked after four years of age.